people solar panel robot Ethan Miller/Getty Images

重写工作的未来

多伦多—对于“工作的未来”,著作可谓汗牛充栋,其中很多都非常悲观。大量研究预测,自动化将扼杀整个行业,让数百万人失业。两位牛津教授在一篇2013年的文章甚至认为,机器机器可能在“一二十年”之内取代47%的工作。

诸如此类的结论撑起了一种叙事:未来不可避免地是无工作的未来。但这一观点最受公司部门的欢迎,最受所谓的零工经济的负面趋势的支持;工人和工会在对话中参与甚少。如果这一点有所改变,工作的未来就有可能大不相同。

三项共同假设让关于自动化对就业的影响有失偏颇。其中每一项对于保护工人权利、改变流行叙事中的宿命论都至关重要。

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