Plynová šance pro Británii

PRAHA – Koncem června ohlásil Britský geologický úřad nález největšího ložiska břidlicového plynu na světě. Pole s názvem Bowland Shale, které se rozkládá pod územím hrabství Lancashire a Yorkshire, obsahuje o 50% víc plynu než dvě největší plynová pole ve Spojených státech – ložiska Barnett Shale a Marcellus Shale – dohromady.

Velká Británie se zatím zdráhá připojit se k revoluci hydraulického štěpení (neboli frakování). Otvírka ložiska Bowland Shale by však mohla znovu nastartovat britskou ekonomiku a přinést obrovské snížení emisí CO2.

Současně britský parlament schválil přísná nová opatření na snížení uhlíkových emisí do roku 2020, přičemž zdaleka největší snížení objemu CO2 má vyplývat z růstu mořské větrné energie o více než 800% během následujících sedmi let. Mořská větrná energie je však tak drahá, že bude dostávat nejméně trojnásobek nákladů na standardní elektřinu formou dotacíto je ještě více než solární energie, která ve Velké Británii nikdy nebyla výhodná. Za minimální snížení objemu CO2 tak britská ekonomika draze zaplatí.

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