Heavily Polluted Air of Birmingham Wikimedia Commons

Los grandes emisores de CO2 y la justicia climática

BONN – Un estudio pionero publicado en noviembre pasado reveló que las actividades de apenas 90 productores de carbón, petróleo, gas y cemento generaron el 63% de todas las emisiones de CO2 desde la Revolución Industrial.

El informe se publicó pocas semanas después de la devastación causada en la región filipina de Tacloban por el tifón Haiyan (o Yolanda, según se lo bautizó localmente). La tormenta, que desplegó vientos sin precedentes de hasta 315 kilómetros (196 millas) por hora, mató a 6.300 personas, dejó sin hogar a cuatro millones y provocó daños por más de 2.000 millones de dólares.

Haiyan y los estragos que provocó fueron un llamado a la acción para los delegados a la conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre cambio climático celebrada pocos días después en Varsovia. En respuesta a lo sucedido, los delegados acordaron establecer un mecanismo internacional para la reparación de “pérdidas y daños” relacionados con el cambio climático, que se aplicará en los países que no puedan adaptarse al calentamiento global o protegerse de sus peores efectos.

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