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缅甸和平五步走

堪培拉——困扰缅甸穆斯林罗兴亚人的人道主义危机已经损害了该国的政治稳定并破坏了该国朝民主政体过渡的形象。不仅如此,此次危机还损害了政府事实上的领导人,诺贝尔和平奖获得者昂山素季的声誉;质疑了东盟和联合国的危机管理资格,并嘲笑了防止冲突发生的国际体系。

但尽管局势如此痛苦,仍然保留着和平解决的生机;要想实现这个目标,必须立即实行五步走政策。

首先必须停止暴行和杀戮,这项任务很难完成但却绝对必需。缅甸军方已经开展了持续的种族清洗运动,其主要目标是将罗兴亚人从国内驱逐出去。尽管这些行动造成的恶果无法消失,但进一步流血和针对性的驱逐行动可以而且必须停止。

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