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IT正在加剧财富和收入不平等

斯坦福—三十多年来,发达经济体,尤其是美国,财富和收入不平等有所增加,真实(经通胀调整的)工资上升缓慢,退休者面临储蓄利率下降。与此同时,公司利润和股价大涨。如今,我所进行的研究表明,这些变化主要来自现代信息技术(IT)。

IT对经济的影响是多方位的:计算机、互联网和移动技术改变了媒体、在线零售、制药业以及数不清的消费者相关服务。IT显著地改善了人们的生活。

但IT的成长也导致了垄断力和进入壁垒,从而带来了巨大的经济、社会和政治消极副作用,包括“假新闻”的泛滥。

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