Malaria Cris Bouroncle/Getty Images

Смертоносное возвращение малярии

СИНГАПУР – Радикальное падение смертности от малярии, наблюдающееся с начала нынешнего столетия, стало огромным успехом в сфере здравоохранения последних лет. С 2000 года, благодаря согласованным инвестициям в профилактику, диагностику и лечение, число людей, ежегодно умирающих от этой болезни, снизилось на 60% – более шести миллионов жизней удалось спасти.

Кажется, что мечта об искоренении малярии уже вот-вот станет реальностью. Однако все эти значительные успехи находятся под угрозой из-за роста резистентности малярии к существующим медикаментам. Случаи устойчивости к наиболее эффективному на сегодня антималярийному препарату – артемизинину – зафиксированы в Камбодже, новый штамм вируса уже распространяется по региону дельты реки Меконг.

Если не предпринять эффективных и своевременных мер, новая, резистентная форма малярии станет широко распространённой. С лекарствами от малярии подобное случалось уже дважды. Правительства, международные организации, гражданские объединения и компании должные предпринять срочные меры по предотвращению эпидемии резистентной малярии, не позволив этому болезненному сюжету повториться.

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