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الهند وحراس أمن البقر

نيودلهي ــ تظل السياسة الهندية مدهشة ومروعة. والطفرة الحالية في حراسة البقر ــ وهي ظاهرة هندية فريدة بدأت مؤخرا في الازدهار في ظل حكومة حزب بهاراتيا جاناتا ــ ليست استثناء.

يعبد الكثير من الهندوس المتشددين البقرة، خاصة في الولايات الهندية الشمالية التي تشكل ما يُدعى بـ"الحزام البقري"، بصفتها gau mata، أي "أم كل شيء"، التي تقدم الغذاء والقوت عن طريق حليبها، وليس لحمها. ويشيع رفض تناول اللحم البقري في هذه الولايات.

ولكن ليس الأمر دائما خيارا شخصيا. فقد مررت عدة ولايات هندية قوانين تجرم ذبح الأبقار، وقد حظر بعضها حيازة اللحم البقري واستهلاكه إجمالا. ولا يجوز قانونا ذبح الأبقار واستهلاك اللحم البقري إلا في خمس فقط من ولايات الهند الـ29، والتي تقع بالأساس في الجنوب والشمال الشرقي.

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