Immigrants integration Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Les migrants: du pain béni pour les pays d'accueil

OXFORD/SHANGHAI – Une grande partie des débats sur l'immigration qui font rage actuellement dans le monde entier reflètent l'hypothèse fallacieuse selon laquelle l'accueil des migrants est un acte de générosité - et un acte coûteux, par-dessus le marché. Pourtant, loin d'être un fardeau économique, les immigrants représentent une opportunité économique importante pour les pays de destination. Les pays qui adoptent une approche réfléchie et à long terme sur l'immigration peuvent en tirer d'importants avantages tangibles.

Une nouvelle étude du McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) montre que les migrants transfrontaliers (plus de 90 % de ceux qui ont déménagé pour des raisons économiques), ne représentent que 3,4 % de la population mondiale, mais près de 10 % du PIB mondial. Parce que près des deux tiers de ces migrants vivent dans les pays développés, où la productivité a tendance à être plus forte, ils maximisent l'impact de leur travail, par des avantages économiques considérables. Des migrants de tous niveaux de qualification contribuent à cet effet.

Les migrants ont ajouté environ 6,7 billions de dollars au PIB mondial en 2015 (soit 3 billions de dollars de plus que ce qu'ils auraient produit s'ils étaient restés dans leur pays d'origine. Parce que les flux depuis les pays en développement vers les pays développés génèrent la plus forte augmentation de la productivité, ces destinations représentent plus de 90 % de la contribution totale des migrants au PIB mondial. MGI estime qu'en 2015, les migrants ont généré près de 2 billions de dollars aux États-Unis, 550 milliards de dollars en Allemagne, 390 milliards de dollars au Royaume-Uni, 330 milliards de dollars en Australie et 320 milliards de dollars au Canada.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/nlbokN6/fr;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.