Solar Farm Jonathan Potts/Flickr

Миссия G-7 по обеспечению устойчивости

ФРАНКФУРТ – Через шесть месяцев представители стран мира соберутся в Париже, чтобы приложить усилия для достижения глобального соглашения по борьбе с изменением климата. Когда лидеры G-7 встретятся на следующей неделе в Германии, они должны использовать эту возможность, чтобы предпринять первые шаги по предотвращению наиболее опасных последствий глобального потепления. С поставленными на карту мировой безопасностью и благосостоянием, вопрос сейчас не в том, если или когда начать переход к низкоуглеродной экономике, а в том, как направить усилия.

В 2014 году, инвестиции в чистую энергию, после двух лет спада, достигли нового максимума в $ 310 млрд. Это хорошая новость, но эта сумма, по-прежнему, далека от 1,1 трлн долларов в год, что по оценкам Международного Энергетического Агентства (МЭА) необходимы низкоуглеродному энергетическому сектору. В то же время, около $950 млрд было вложено в нефть, газ и уголь в 2013 году -  цифра, которая удвоилась в реальном выражении с 2000 года.

Значимость инвестиции, в большей степени, основывается на понимании того, насколько это рискованно. Инвестиции не сдвинутся в сторону зеленых источников энергии до тех пор, пока портфельные менеджеры не начнут подсчитывать риски, связанные с опасными изменениями климата. Инвесторы также должны учитывать “углеродные пузыри” - завышение рыночной стоимости компаний добывающих ископаемое топливо, которое основано на предположении, что они смогут продолжать сжигать мировые запасы, до их истощения.

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