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Cómo dominar la Cuarta Revolución Industrial

LONDRES – La innovación tecnológica genera desde hace mucho reacciones diametralmente opuestas: algunos se maravillan con las nuevas posibilidades y otros temen el cambio disruptivo, pero la mayoría de nosotros ni siquiera nos damos cuenta de qué está ocurriendo. Consideramos el cambio como algo dado.

El ingenio humano no se reconoce ni aprecia lo suficiente, especialmente en los mercados financieros. Los inversores se obsesionan por cuestiones más pedestres: temores por un aterrizaje forzoso en China, la repercusión de la caída de los precios del petróleo, y el riesgo de que algún shock pueda llevar a que la frágil economía mundial se desplome nuevamente hacia la recesión o la deflación.

Obviamente, las preocupaciones por las condiciones de la demanda global no carecen de fundamento (ciertamente, lo último que la economía mundial necesita es más estrés). Sin embargo, a pesar de toda nuestra angustia por el exceso de deuda y lo inadecuado de las políticas, nada es tan importante como el ingenio humano para mejorar los niveles de vida y las oportunidades de inversión. De hecho, la llegada de las nuevas tecnologías ofrece la promesa de una Cuarta Revolución Industrial, el tema del Foro Económico Mundial de Davos este año.

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