french cabinet Francois Mori/AFP/Getty Images

¿Puede Macron redibujar el mapa político?

WASHINGTON, DC – Varios comentaristas han descrito la victoria de Emmanuel Macron en las elecciones presidenciales francesas como un triunfo de la centroderecha, porque recibió votos que de lo contrario habrían ido hacia la candidatura del conservador François Fillon, plagada de escándalos.

Pero esta dinámica electoral no expresa el significado de la victoria de Macron. Sería más preciso decir que traspasó las líneas de los partidos tradicionales y se erigió como un candidato de quienes creen que, gracias a una administración adecuada y las nuevas tecnologías, la integración europea y las fuerzas de la globalización pueden reportar beneficios generalizados. En contraste, la mayoría de sus oponentes no hicieron más que avivar temores acerca de las realidades económicas actuales.

Piénsese en las siguientes estadísticas de la primera ronda de las presidenciales francesas: un 42% de quienes votaron por Macron han simpatizado en el pasado con el Partido Socialista y otro 32% ha tendido a apoyar a candidatos de centro. Son datos que indican que los votantes de la izquierda y el centro constituyen el fuerte de su base de apoyo, y que lo veían como un candidato de centroizquierda en lugar de uno de centroderecha.

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