Los coches eléctricos y el desarrollo sostenible

NUEVA YORK – La clave para la lucha contra el cambio climático estriba en una tecnología mejor. Tenemos que encontrar nuevas formas de producir y utilizar la energía, satisfacer nuestras necesidades alimentarias, trasladarnos de un lugar a otro y calentar y refrescar nuestros hogares, que nos permitan reducir el consumo de petróleo, gas, carbón, fertilizantes de nitrógeno y otras fuentes de gases que provocan el efecto de invernadero.

Hay suficientes opciones válidas disponibles mediante las cuales el mundo puede lograr el objetivo de luchar contra el cambio climático con un costo razonable (tal vez el uno por ciento de la renta mundial al año), sin por ello impedir a la economía mundial seguir creciendo y elevando el nivel de vida. Una de las novedades más interesantes que se perfilan en el horizonte es la nueva generación de automóviles eléctricos.

En los primeros tiempos del automóvil, al final del siglo XIX, muchas clases de coches competían entre sí: vapor, batería y motor de combustión interna (MCI). Los motores de combustión interna propulsados por gasolina y diésel se llevaron la palma con el éxito del modelo T. que salió por primera vez de la cadena de montaje en 1908. Cien años después, la competencia vuelve a despertar.

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