woman in jail Agron Dragaj via ZUMA Press

مكافحة المخدرات على  حساب النساء

نيويورك - عندما كنت شابة صغيرة في بولندا الشيوعية، كان اليوم العالمي للمرأة يُعتبر "فرصة للاحتفال بالإنجازات والمساهمات النسائية. لكن هذا الاحتفال ما هو إلا تقليد أجوف. في اليوم الموالي تعود النساء إلى حياتهن العادية وفرصهن المحدودة. فلا يمكن لعطلة يوم واحد أن تفعل الكثير للقضاء على أجيال من التمييز.

ويعكس تأثير النظام الدولي لسياسة مكافحة المخدرات هذا الواقع. في سلسلة ترويج المخدرات، توجد المرأة بالضرورة في الدرجة السفلى، وهي تقوم بعمل  "البغال"، وعندما يتم القبض على امرأة، على الرغم من أنها جانية لأول مرة من دون عنف، فإنها تواجه عقوبة إلزامية دنيا قاسية.

بالنسبة لتجار المخدرات، هؤلاء النساء لا قيمة لهن ويمكن التخلص منهن. ولا يتم سداد الكفالة لهن أو اللجوء إلى محامي للدفاع عنهن إلا نادرا، لأن لا قيمة لهن في هياكل الاتجار. ويتم الاستغناء عنهن وتركهن لحالهن، بحيث  يفتقرن إلى المعرفة والموارد للتحرك في نظام العدالة الجنائية. وأحيانا يفتقرن إلى المعلومات الضرورية للتفاوض مع السلطات مقابل الحصول على حكم مخفف.

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