Nemorálnost uhlí

SYDNEY – Zdá se, že sílí vůle k tomu, aby na konferenci OSN o klimatických změnách, která se bude konat v prosinci letošního roku v Paříži, byla uzavřena globální dohoda. S tímto optimistickým pocitem přichází také naléhavé vědomí, že využívání fosilních paliv musí být celosvětově co nejrychleji utlumeno. Širší uznání si dokonce získává myšlenka, že emise skleníkových plynů by se do roku 2050 měly snížit na nulu.

První aktivisté už mění celkový obraz. Univerzity, penzijní fondy, církve, banky, ba dokonce i dědicové ropného majetku rodu Rockefellerů stahují peníze z aktiv vázaných na fosilní paliva nebo zvažují možnost divestic – tato varianta je stále atraktivnější vzhledem k rychle klesajícím nákladům na obnovitelnou energii.

Jeden sektor však stojí stranou tohoto pokroku. Zdá se, že uhelný průmysl je odhodlaný bojovat za zisky na úkor globálního životního prostředí. A zvráceně se přitom snaží získat morální převahu tvrzením, že uhlí je nezbytné pro skoncování s energetickou chudobou.

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