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Cumplir los compromisos sobre el cambio climático

LONDRES – En 2009, los países más ricos del mundo prometieron aportar $100 mil millones al año para 2020 para ayudar a los países más pobres a hacer frente al cambio climático. Desde entonces, este compromiso ha llegado a verse como la “prueba de fuego” del mundo desarrollado sobre su participación en esta lucha.

Lograr reunir esa cifra es importante. Los países pobres deben creer que los países ricos cumplirán sus promesas; de lo contrario, podrían peligrar las perspectivas de llegar a un acuerdo internacional efectivo en la Conferencia sobre el Cambio Climático de las Naciones Unidas que se celebrará en París en noviembre y diciembre.

Afortunadamente hay signos alentadores de que se cumplirá este compromiso, pero es necesario contar con más fondos, especialmente del sector privado. Según la OCDE y la Iniciativa sobre el Cambio Climático, los países desarrollados reunieron en conjunto $52,2 mil millones en 2013 y $61,8 mil millones en 2014 para ayudar a las naciones de menos recursos a reducir las emisiones de gases de invernadero y desarrollar maneras de adaptarse a los efectos del cambio climático ya imposibles de evitar.

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