Skip to main content

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated Cookie policy, Privacy policy and Terms & Conditions

Alibaba auto vending machine starts in Guangzhou Chen Jimin/China News Service/VCG via Getty Images

中国经济政策的下一步

坎布里奇—我十分仰慕中国及其调整经济政策以维持高速增长的能力。但如今,中国已经登上全球经济之巅,必须采取必要的改革,充分遵守它在2001年加入世贸组织时接受的国际规则。

1982年我第一次访问中国时,它还是一个非常贫穷的国家,采取完全的共产主义体制。农业完全是集体化的。农民没有权利在自己的土地上想种什么就种什么,因此,农业产出非常低。除了农业,个人拥有生产资料也是非法的。中国家庭可以拥有一台自用的缝纫机,但不能拥有两台缝纫机,也不能雇用邻居帮忙制作衣服。

在邓小平的领导下,这一状况开始改变。小片土地返还给从前的所有者,并允许他们获得政府强制限额以上部分的产出。结果是农业产出激增,农民加种各种作物,如鲜花和蔬菜,直接向公众出售。生产资料所有权和雇用工人的限制也逐步放宽,如今,民营部门贡献了中国经济活动的大部分。

We hope you're enjoying Project Syndicate.

To continue reading, subscribe now.

Subscribe

Get unlimited access to PS premium content, including in-depth commentaries, book reviews, exclusive interviews, On Point, the Big Picture, the PS Archive, and our annual year-ahead magazine.

https://prosyn.org/PcrXSOtzh;

Handpicked to read next

  1. lhatheway7_Claudio Santistebanpicture alliance via Getty Images_ECBFedLagardePowell Claudio Santisteban/picture alliance via Getty Images

    Restoring Central Banks’ Credibility

    Larry Hatheway

    The old central-bank playbook of slashing interest rates to spur consumption, investment, and employment has become less effective since the 2008 financial crisis. Yet without effective tools and the public's confidence, central banks will be unable to rise to the occasion when the next recession arrives.

    0
  2. fischer163_action press-PoolGetty Images_natoflagsoldiers Action Press-Pool/Getty Images

    The Day After NATO

    Joschka Fischer

    French President Emmanuel Macron has drawn criticism for describing NATO as brain dead and pursuing a rapprochement with Russian President Vladimir Putin. But now that a wayward America could abandon the continent at any moment, Macron's argument for European defense autonomy is difficult to refute.

    9