Bloomberg/ Getty Images

Chine : la révolution scientifique est en marche

PEKIN – Depuis quelques années l'économie chinoise est en transformation radicale, et l'Empire du Milieu prépare maintenant le terrain pour réaliser de grandes avancées en matière de sciences et de technologie. Il veut notamment devenir un acteur majeur dans la lutte contre les maladies et il y a toutes les raisons de penser qu'il jouera un rôle central dans les recherches en biologie.

Dépassée seulement par les USA, la Chine consacre plus de 200 milliards de dollars par an à la recherche, comme l'indique un rapport publié par le McKinsey Quarterly. Le président Xi Jinping fait de l'innovation scientifique une priorité nationale, ainsi le 13° plan quinquennal privilégie des projets dans des domaines émergeants tels que la recherche sur le cerveau, la génétique, le big data ou la robotique médicale.

La Chine fait un grand effort en faveur de la recherche médicale, car elle a des besoins criants en matière de santé. D'ici 2050, la population chinoise âgée de plus de 65 ans devrait augmenter de quelques 190 millions de personnes. La grande majorité des problèmes de santé (plus de 80%) est liée à des maladies chroniques. Il n'est donc pas surprenant que la Chine  soit le deuxième plus grand marché pharmaceutique de la planète et que ses dépenses en matière d'innovation puissent atteindre 1000 milliards d'ici 2020 selon l'évaluation du  McKinsey Quarterly.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/CBsYkoZ/fr;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now