Spanish Prime Minister Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

经济领域的离心力和向心力

发自斯坦福——早在几年前笔者就预测说由于政治机构无力应对经济,文化,种族和宗教方面的差异,全球各地都将出现权力下放,分裂和独立等结构性转变。

超国家经济和政治制度将权力集中于中央政府的做法显然引起了反弹。许多国家的公民开始觉得本国主权受到了侵蚀。此外他们也担心由于大衰退后复苏缓慢,生产力增长乏力和劳动力占收入份额下降,导致日渐增加的移民所产生的成本过高。

自那以后,英国决定退出欧盟。现在双方已经在进行“离婚”讨论以确定英国该向欧盟支付的金额以及未来的贸易关系。这一过程绝非轻而易举,因为欧盟谈判代表担心如果自己开出退出条款太过慷慨,其他成员国可能会纷纷仿效英国退盟。

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