Иммунизационная независимость

ВАШИНГТОН, округ Колумбия – Первые годы этого столетия были отмечены бурным развитием глобального здравоохранения. Международные доноры – правительства таких стран, как Соединенные Штаты, в рамках программы PEPFAR, или новые международные спонсорские проекты, например Глобальный фонд борьбы со СПИДом, туберкулезом и малярией и GAVI, Альянс по вакцинам, – вложили миллиарды долларов в национальные программы борьбы с болезнями и системы здравоохранения, спасая тем самым миллионы жизней.

Но теперь некоторые страны, получившие пользу от этих программ, сталкиваются с новой проблемой: сохранить свои достижения после прекращения внешней поддержки. В конечном счете, именно по тому, как пройдет этот переход, будут оцениваться инициативы доноров – да и вообще вся программа помощи здравоохранению.

Возьмем, к примеру, GAVI, Альянс по вакцинам. Цель GAVI, основанного в 2000 году благодаря партнерству крупных доноров, международных организаций и ведущих производителей вакцин, – помочь беднейшим странам мира внедрить у себя новые спасительные вакцины и укрепить свои программы иммунизации. Когда годовой доход на душу населения в стране превышает определенный порог, – в настоящее время это 1580 долларов США, – она перестает получать помощь от GAVI.

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