Un trato justo sobre el cambio climático

El acuerdo sobre cambio climático que sellaron los líderes del G8 en Heiligendamm apenas prepara el terreno para el verdadero debate por venir: ¿cómo dividiremos la decreciente capacidad de la atmósfera para absorber nuestros gases de tipo invernadero?

Los líderes del G8 acordaron velar por recortes “sustanciales” en las emisiones de gases de tipo invernadero y prestarle una “seria consideración” al objetivo de reducir en la mitad este tipo de emisiones para 2050 –un resultado aclamado como un triunfo de la canciller alemana Angela Merkel y del primer ministro británico Tony Blair-. Sin embargo, el acuerdo no compromete a nadie a metas específicas, mucho menos a Estados Unidos, cuyo presidente, George W. Bush, que ya no estará en el cargo en 2009, cuando se tengan que tomar las decisiones difíciles.

Uno razonablemente podría preguntar por qué se cree que un acuerdo tan vago representa algún tipo de progreso. En la Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Medio Ambiente y el Desarrollo en Río de Janeiro en 1992, 189 países, entre ellos Estados Unidos, China, India y todas las naciones europeas, firmaron la Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático, aceptando así estabilizar los gases de tipo invernadero “en un nivel lo suficientemente bajo como para impedir una peligrosa interferencia antropogénica con el sistema climático”.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/WsYvpG5/es;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now