“Mr. Hollande has sought to reduce Germany's dominance over Europe's anti-crisis strategy, and open up Europe's debate over solutions to other voices. Since Mr. Hollande's election victory over Mr. Sarkozy in May, France has tried to play the role of a broker between Germany and southern European countries, including Italy and Spain, which are seeking more-generous European help against recession and financial-market strains.”
---WSJ, “Summit Reveals Wider Franco-German Discord”, Oct. 19, 2012
That seems to be the main takeaway from the just-concluded EU summit: that Hollande has chosen to directly challenge Merkel’s leadership of the union. I interpret this in two ways: (1) the good news is that the needy South is building a political coalition against the cold-blooded North; and (2) the bad news is that the Southern coalition appears to prefer public whining to real political action. But I hope I am mistaken about that. Maybe they are biding their time.
Of the three Southern leaders, clearly the intellect is Monti. I think that he grasps the enormity of the problem facing Europe, including the need for reflation. But, because Italy is not yet in the direct line of fire, his strategy is to lay low and work behind the scenes. For now, he prefers to work on structural reforms to make Italy a better credit (with market access), rather than launching a frontal assault on Frankfurt and Berlin.
Hollande seems to have the guts to take on Germany, but I am not sure that he fully comprehends the need to actually depose Germany from its leadership position in the EU and the ECB. The last sixty years of French foreign policy have focused on bringing Germany in, not on pushing her out. That would be a big step.