Le potentiel de croissance solidaire de l'Afrique

DUBAI – L'euphorie est palpable en ce moment, à juste titre, dans une grande partie de l'Afrique. Sept parmi les dix pays les plus dynamiques du monde sont des pays africains. Afin de mieux rendre hommage au potentiel et à l'importance de ce continent, le président américain Barack Obama a convoqué un Sommet des dirigeants États-Unis / Afrique du 4 au 6 août.

Mais toutes ces bonnes nouvelles risquent de faire oublier les mauvaises. Selon un compte-rendu récent sur les Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement, publiés par les Nations Unies, le nombre de personnes en Afrique sub-saharienne vivant dans une extrême pauvreté a augmenté de plus de 40%, soit de 414 millions de 1990 à 2010. La région compte quatre décès sur cinq d'enfants de moins de cinq ans.

De toute évidence, la croissance n'a pas été solidaire : la marée montante a laissé de nombreux bateaux derrière elle. Cela n'est tout simplement pas tenable.

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