Paul Lachine

Los Estados Unidos a la deriva

TOKYO – Las vacilaciones, la ambivalencia, los giros de 180 grados y los trucos políticos del Presidente Obama con el Congreso de los EE.UU. sobre el posible castigo a Siria por su utilización de armas químicas sólo han conseguido dos cosas seguras: ha aumentado el prestigio diplomático de Rusia por primera vez en muchos años y ha asustado a aquellos de los aliados de los EE.UU. –desde Arabia Saudí e Israel hasta el Japón y Corea del Sur– que dependen en gran medida de sus promesas. Para reducir al mínimo los efectos de esas dos consecuencias, los Estados Unidos deben imponer ahora con la máxima determinación la aplicación de su acuerdo con Rusia sobre la eliminación de las armas químicas de Siria, pero, ¿lo harán?

El comentario, propiciado por la presión del momento, del Secretario de Estado de los EE.UU., John Kerry, de que, si se entregaban todas las armas químicas, se podía evitar un ataque militar a Siria, fue un regalo diplomático a Rusia y el Kremlin, que no se caracteriza precisamente por su destreza diplomática, se apresuró a responder proponiendo que se obligara al régimen sirio del Presidente Bashar Al Asad a adherirse a la Convención sobre las Armas Químicas y a poner su arsenal químico bajo control de las Naciones Unidas.

La iniciativa de Putin resultó ser un salvavidas diplomático, pues la jugada de Obama de solicitar la aprobación del Congreso para un ataque a Siria parecía condenada a fracasar, lo que habría minado su autoridad como comandante en jefe de los Estados Unidos. Aunque el acuerdo puede aún privar al régimen de Asad de algunas de sus armas más peligrosas, el proceso –en caso de que se pueda llamarlo así– que lo propició ha fortalecido la impresión mundial de que la política exterior de los EE.UU. en el segundo mandato de Obama va a la deriva o se orienta hacia el aislacionismo.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/96tNmqm/es;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.