Typhoon in china Xu Yu/ZumaPress

Neudržitelné rozvojové cíle

ARUSHA – Na konci tohoto měsíce se odehraje jedna z nejdůležitějších politických konferencí desetiletí, kdy se v New Yorku sejde více než 150 světových lídrů, aby rozhodli o směřování globálních rozvojových výdajů – což je více než 2,5 trilionu dolarů – od současnosti do roku 2030. Ve skutečnosti se však od hlav států na konferenci příliš neočekává. Vzhledem k tomu, že byla v minulém měsíci diplomaty a byrokraty OSN dokončena Agenda pro udržitelný rozvoj, očekává se od vůdců pouze úsměv pro kamery a podpis na tečkovaném řádku. Bohužel, propásnou tím generační příležitost udělat mnohem více dobra.

Agenda je výsledkem let vyjednávání. Aby jí OSN učinilo co nejkomplexnější, mluvilo s každým. Nicméně, jakkoliv obdivuhodný přístup to je, neukázal se jako úspěšný. Opravdu, když se totiž podíváme na agendu, kterou vytvořili – více než 15000 slov a bolest vyvolávajících 169 rozvojových cílů – tak zjistíme, že do dokumentu jednoduše naházeli vše, co slyšeli.

Porovnejme to s poslední globální rozvojovou agendou, poměrně úspěšnými Rozvojovými cíli tisíciletí (MDG). MDG obsahovaly pouze 18 jasných cílů, kdy v zásadě slibovali snížení hladu, chudoby a dětské těhotenské úmrtnosti a to při zvýšení počtu dětí ve školách a zlepšení přístupu k vodě a hygieně.

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