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发自纽约州伊萨卡——本来已经对美国的税收,贸易和移民政策大动手术的特朗普总统如今正研究一系列可能为美国经济引来更多后果的决策。随着美联储副主席斯坦利·费舍尔(Stanley Fischer)本月退休,美联储理事会的七个席位中已经出现了三个空缺。而到2018年2月美联储主席珍妮特·耶伦(Janet Yellen)的第一个任期也将结束,给特朗普造就了一个特殊的机会去给该机构贴上自己的标签。


美联储的信誉是人们花费数十年时间按照一定程序精心树立起来的。一个例子就是美联储前主席保罗·沃尔克(Paul Volcker)在1980年代初决定加息以提升利率并接受暂时性的失业率增加。如果当年沃尔克未能采取行动,美国就会陷入螺旋式通货膨胀。沃尔克的举动引发了短期的痛苦;而且也巩固了美联储的长期信誉。

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