Значение Кипра

БРЮССЕЛЬ – Корень проблемы на Кипре хорошо известен. Его два крупнейших банка привлекали огромные вложения из-за рубежа, в основном из России, и, предположительно, в основном это были люди, желавшие избежать проверок дома или где-либо еще. Затем эти средства были вложены в греческие государственные облигации и займы греческим компаниям. Когда Греция рухнула, инвестиции сгорели и занимавшиеся данной стратегией кипрские банки стали неплатежеспособны.

Учитывая сложившуюся ситуацию, логичный выбор для страны очевиден: если правительство хочет выжить, иностранные вкладчики должны взять на себя часть убытков. Исходя из этого, сложно понять, почему поначалу кипрское правительство так не хотело причинять убытки вкладчикам.

Однако решение, которое в конце концов было принято, имеет смысл: проблема с двумя крупнейшими банками страны эффективно разрешена. Их плохие активы со временем будут отделены и свернуты. Ни правительство Кипра, ни европейские налогоплательщики больше не станут вкладывать дополнительные средства в эти банки. Потери, которые останутся после утилизации плохих активов, будут, таким образом, возложены на незастрахованных кредиторов банка, что в данном случае подразумевает вкладчиков с депозитами свыше 100 000 евро (130 000 долларов США).

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