Эпоха вымирания

Саммит «большой восьмерки», прошедший в этом году в Германии, был необычен в том отношении, что месяц спустя люди все еще говорят о том, достигнуто на нем что-нибудь или нет. Но один прорыв на этом саммите все же произошел, и этого отрицать невозможно: среди всех разговоров об экономическом росте и курсах обмена на повестке дня встречи богатейших стран мира появилась новая статистика: скорости вымирания.

Впервые лидеры самых могущественных стран мира заметили составляющую, которую они прежде в основном игнорировали – диких животных, рыб и растения, принадлежащие к миллионам видов, живущих на нашей планете наряду с человеком.

Ученые предсказывают, что от трети до двух третей видов мира к концу этого столетия могут оказаться на пути к вымиранию, главным образом из-за того, что люди уничтожают тропические леса и другие места обитания, вылавливают слишком много рыбы из океанов и изменяют мировой климат.

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