Nuclear energy silos.

Наука и устойчивое развитие

ВЕНА – Только что принятые Цели устойчивого развития (ЦУР), направленные на уничтожение бедности, защиту планеты и достижение процветания для всех жителей мира к 2030 году – конечно, амбициозны. Если они будут выполнены, самые бедные страны мира должны получить доступ к лучшим технологиям, которые только могут предложить наука и техника. К счастью, у мира есть впечатляющий образец для подражания при достижении целей ЦУР: использование ядерной технологии в мирных целях.

В течение многих десятилетий Международное агентство по атомной энергии (МАГАТЭ) работало с Продовольственной и сельскохозяйственной организацией ООН, чтобы помочь странам использовать в своих интересах преимущества ядерной и других связанных с нею технологий для улучшения продовольственной безопасности и обеспечения прогресса в сельскохозяйственном развитии. К примеру, в различных регионах Китая, Индии и Пакистана ядерные технологии позволили значительно сократить эрозию почвы. И профессор из Перу Марино Ромеро, используя вызванную радиацией мутацию и другие методы, создал высокоурожайные сорта ячменя, которые теперь составляют более чем 90 % всего ячменя, выращенного в его стране.

Но применение результатов ядерной науки простирается далеко за пределы сельского хозяйства. Сальвадор использует сегодня ядерную технологию для контроля прибрежных вод на присутствие морских токсинов, которые могут угрожать жизненно важной для страны рыбной промышленности.

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