Ресурсная революция

САН-ФРАНЦИСКО – Мир стоит на пороге крупнейшей бизнес-возможности века, которая конкурирует как с первой промышленной революцией, которая преобразовала производительность труда, так и со второй, которая мобилизовала беспрецедентные объемы капитала для строительства городов. Новая революция сосредоточена на третьем первичном факторе производства: природных ресурсах.

Эта революция пришла не слишком рано. После столетий расточительных практик производства и потребления – чему содействовали постоянно низкие цены на сырьевые товары, которые на протяжении последнего столетия в мирное время в среднем снижались на 0,7% в год – мир остро нуждается в технологиях, которые позволяют как производителям, так и потребителям делать больше при меньших затратах.

Делая вопрос еще более актуальным, добыча ресурсов становится все более дорогостоящей, поскольку производство смещается к местам, которые связаны со сложными логистическими – а зачастую и политическими – проблемами. Между тем, в Китае, Индонезии, Индии, Бразилии и других странах с развивающейся экономикой быстро растут уровни загрязнения воды, воздуха и почвы.

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