Стабилизация мыса Горна

СТРАСБУРГ – После практически двух десятилетий, на протяжении которых Сомали было развалившемся государством, в котором свирепствует гражданская война, мир,  возможно, должен наконец признать, что Сомали – в том состоянии, в котором оно существует в настоящее время – не подлежит ремонту.

Однако, часть страны может соответствовать, по крайней мере, базовой норме правления. Самая северная область, Сомалиленд, расположенная в стратегическом положении у выхода в Красное море, в которой проживают около 3,5 миллионов из 10 миллионов жителей Сомали, является более или менее автономной и стабильной. Но эта стабильность порождает страх о том, что люди Сомалиленда приведут в действие декларацию независимости, которую они приняли в 1991 году.

В конце сентября в Сомалиленде пройдут третьи президентские выборы, предыдущие двое выборов были открытыми и конкурентоспособными. В отличие от многих развивающихся стран, Сомалиленд будет приветствовать иностранных наблюдателей для проведения мониторинга во время выборов, хотя, к сожалению, большинство западных стран и организаций будут держаться в стороне, чтобы их присутствие не рассматривалось как фактическое узаконивание правительства Сомалиленда.

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