Communist party members lay flowers at Stalins grave Natalia Kolesnikova/Getty Images

La Unión Soviética murió para siempre

MOSCÚ – Esta víspera de año nuevo señala el 25.º aniversario de la disolución formal de la Unión Soviética. Pero en vez de celebrar, muchos rusos (y algunas personas en Occidente) tienen sentimientos encontrados al respecto.

Primero en la lista de los dubitativos está el presidente ruso Vladimir Putin. Ya hizo saber su posición sobre la desintegración de la URSS en 2005, cuando la llamó “una gran tragedia geopolítica del siglo XX”. Y algunos en Occidente consideran que los nuevos estados surgidos del naufragio (en particular, Ucrania y las repúblicas del Báltico) son la principal causa del resentimiento y el revanchismo de Rusia en el mundo que siguió a la Guerra Fría.

Estas dudas contrastan marcadamente con el consenso que prevaleció por muchos años tras la caída del comunismo en Europa, producida entre 1989 y 1991. Todos coincidían en que el fin de la Guerra Fría suponía no sólo la liberación de Europa central y del este, sino también el triunfo de las ideas liberales.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.