US State Department

Un nuevo paradigma de paz

TEL AVIV – El colapso de otro intento estadounidense más para mediar en un acuerdo de paz entre israelíes y palestinos debiera dar lugar a algo más que acusaciones. Debiera estimular la reconsideración fundamental de un paradigma de conciliación –las negociaciones bilaterales directas, bajo la tutela de EE. UU. – que hace ya mucho perdió su relevancia.

Si bien EE. UU. continúa siendo un actor mundial indispensable, ya no está dispuesto a usar la diplomacia coercitiva en su cruzada por un nuevo orden. Pero no es solo cuestión de voluntad; EE. UU. ha perdido su capacidad para intimidar a otros países, incluso a aliados y clientes, como Israel y la Autoridad Palestina.

Tan solo en Oriente Medio, EE. UU. ha exigido al máximo sus capacidades en dos guerras controvertidas; fracasó reiteradamente en sus mediaciones de paz entre Israel y Palestina; distanció a las potencias regionales clave; y decepcionó en cuestiones como el programa nuclear iraní y la guerra civil siria. Todo esto ha reducido su capacidad para moldear el futuro de la región.

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