Putin corruption Sebastian Derungs/Stringer

الرأسمالية الإقطاعية الجديدة بروسيا

واشنطن – تبدو روسيا فلاديمير بوتين أكثر فأكثر مثل الاتحاد السوفيتي المتصلب والراكد في عصر ليونيد بريجنيف. ولكن في مجال واحد، يبقى نظام بوتين مبتكرا: الفساد. في الواقع، في هذا العام، الذي يخلد 18 سنة من حكم بوتين، تعزز شكل جديد من الرأسمالية والمحسوبية في هذا البلد.

على مدى العقد الماضي، أشرف بوتين على التعددية الكبرى للاقتصاد الروسي. وقد توسع قطاع الدولة من 35٪ من الناتج المحلي الإجمالي في عام 2005 إلى 70٪ في عام 2015. ويبدو أن الدولة استعادت، على حد تعبير لينين، السيطرة على "المرتفعات القيادية" للاقتصاد.

ومع ذلك يبدو أن الشركات المملوكة للدولة، مثل عمالقة الطاقة غازبروم وروسنيفت، تعمل مثل الشركات الحديثة. في نهاية المطاف، لديها قواعد وسياسات خاصة بحوكمة الشركات، ومجالس الإشراف والإدارة، ويعقدون اجتماعات المساهمين السنوية. وهم يخضعون لعمليات تدقيق دولية مستقلة، وينشرون التقارير السنوية، ويحافظون على مجالس إدارات مستقلة.

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