Paul Lachine

Cita con África sobre el clima

PARÍS – Después de una larga serie de reuniones preparatorias, por fin tenemos ante nosotros la cumbre de Copenhague sobre el cambio climático. Como el Protocolo de Kyoto sobre las emisiones de carbono expira en 2012, a los delegados que se reunirán en Copenhague se les ha encomendado la tarea de concertar un nuevo acuerdo internacional. Los países del mundo están inmersos en uno de los más complejos y transcendentales ejercicios de acción colectiva que se haya tenido que organizar en la historia de las relaciones internacionales.

Aunque ya se conoce perfectamente la responsabilidad de los países industrializados y las economías en ascenso en la lucha contra las emisiones de carbono, se ha pasado por alto en gran medida el lugar de África en el programa relativo al clima. Se consideran de poco interés las emisiones subsaharianas, calculadas en tan sólo entre el 3 y el 4 por ciento de las emisiones mundiales debidas al hombre. Y, sin embargo, África es fundamental para la crisis medioambiental mundial en dos sentidos importantes.

En primer lugar, África sería la primera víctima de una gran perturbación climática, con efectos secundarios en todo el planeta. Los expertos predicen que ese continente experimentará algunos de los cambios más graves, mientras que la capacidad de las sociedades africanas para afrontarlos es de las más débiles del mundo.

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