Hans Punz/Stringer


IRVING, TEXAS – Organizace zemí vyvážejících ropu je mrtvá. Zabila ji Saúdská Arábie. OPEC je dnes jen bezzubým zombie, který sice přitahuje pozornost, ale na živé nemá pražádný vliv.

Úpadku OPEC si všiml málokdo, a to z jednoduchého důvodu: tato organizace ve skutečnosti nikdy neměla takový vliv, jaký se jí všeobecně přikládal. Nikdy nebyla opravdovým kartelem disponujícím monopolní tržní silou. A každý, kdo si myslel něco jiného, této organizaci mylně přisuzoval tržní sílu Saúdské Arábie.

A síla Saúdské Arábie je rozpínavá. Království zůstává dominantním producentem na světových ropných trzích a jeho politická a ekonomická rozhodnutí utvářejí podobu globální energetické ekonomie. A tento vliv ještě zesílí, pokud Saúdská Arábie vzkřísí druh Arab Light coby globální značku surové ropy.

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