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Pas d'apaisement pour la Corée du Nord

WASHINGTON, DC – Ce mois-ci, la Corée du Nord a effectué son cinquième essai nucléaire : le deuxième cette année. Si l'on en juge par la secousse sismique, il s'agit du plus puissant engin nucléaire du Nord jamais détecté. La question consiste maintenant à savoir quelle doit être la réponse de la communauté internationale.

Cette question prend un ton plus grave parce que, bien que les rapports nord-coréens ne soient pas exactement fiables, la propagande qui a accompagné le dernier test a laissé entendre que le Nord testait une conception de l'arme et pas seulement un engin explosif. Et comme l'ont suggéré des dirigeants sud-coréens, d'autres essais seront certainement réalisés cette année. En d'autres termes, la Corée du Nord commence peut-être à stocker des armes de destruction massive.

Non seulement les récents essais nucléaires du Nord ont été plus puissants que ceux des années précédentes, mais ils ont également été menés parallèlement à une série tout aussi forte d'essais de missiles balistiques, notamment à des lancements sous-marins et à des tirs de roquettes multi-étages, avec des moteurs beaucoup plus puissants. Cela signifie que la Corée du Nord est peut-être tout près de perfectionner un système de dissémination pour toutes les armes qu'elle développe.

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