Girl vendor Pakistan ARIF ALI/AFP/Getty Images 

终结童工制度

发自新德里——1997年10月,当全球领导人齐聚挪威首都奥斯陆,共同为终结童工制度制定战略时,人们雄心万丈,为变革许下了坚定的承诺。通过改善合作和计划制定,我们力求保护儿童不受剥削,并制定“在国家,地区和国际层面消灭童工的新战略”。

一晃20年过去了,也是时候问一句:我们做得怎么样了?

答案不甚乐观。自首次会议以来,全球的童工数量还未能减少一半。过去五年来,国际社会设法将就业儿童数量减少了1600万,但这也是几十年来减少得最慢的时段。在眼下这1.52亿名童工中,约有7300万人从事危险性工作。而即便是那些“安全的”童工工作也会给受害者造成一路延续到成年的身体和生理健康问题。

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