Nechť padnou další zdi

MOSKVA – Německý lid a spolu s ním celý svět slaví význačný den dějin, 20. výročí pádu Berlínské zdi. V kolektivní paměti se mnoho událostí neuchová jako mez oddělující dvě odlišná období. Bourání Berlínské zdi – věcného, konkrétního symbolu světa rozděleného do nepřátelských táborů – je právě takovým určujícím momentem.

Pád Berlínské zdi přinesl naději a příležitost lidem po celém světě a 80. letům 20. století dal vskutku radostné završení. Právě o tom je třeba přemýšlet, zatímco se nynější dekáda blíží ke svému konci – a zdá se, že lidstvu mezi prsty uniká šance zvládnout další významný skok vpřed.

Cesta k ukončení studené války rozhodně ve své době nebyla snadná ani všeobecně vítaná, ale právě proto jsou ponaučení, která nám přinesla, i nadále opodstatněná. V 80. letech byl svět na historické křižovatce. Závody ve zbrojení mezi Východem a Západem vytvářely výbušnou situaci. Jaderné odstrašování mohlo kdykoli selhat. Směřovali jsme ke katastrofě a přitom jsme dusili tvořivost a rozvoj.

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