South Sudan malnutrition Albert Gonzalez Farran/Getty Images

一项影响长远的发展投资

发自布拉格——营养不良这项问题比大多数世界其他重大挑战受到的关注都要少,但这也是一个利用较小投资就可以产生最大影响的领域。

据估计,全球有20亿人无法获得成长和强健身体所需的维生素和矿物质——尤其是铁,碘,维生素A和锌。更糟糕的是,营养不良和营养摄入多样性不足已经成为了一个悲惨循环的一部分,因为它们既是贫穷的前因,也是贫穷的后果。

受该循环影响最大的是婴幼儿。营养不良对他们造成了毁灭性后果,包括精神障碍,学习困难以及总体健康状况不佳。即使中度的营养不良也可能阻碍儿童的发育。同时因为这个孩子长大后难以找到一份好的工作,所以营养不良不仅仅左右了他或她的生活,也会波及到他们的下一代。

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