教育和机会

首尔——教育能从根本上推动个人、国家和全球的发展。自本世纪伊始,相关认识就推动众多国家努力实现到2015年普及小学教育、消除教育领域两性差异的千年发展目标。这成就了扩大全球教育机会及提高教育水平的巨大进步。但还有很多工作要做。

毫无疑问,我们几乎实现了普及小学教育的目标。此外,在教育机会和程度上实现两性平等也已经迈出了重要一步。事实上,适龄女童的入学率一直在稳步提高,并且在全球范围内接近男性入学率。结果是成年人口平均受教育年限的差异(被广泛用来衡量教育成就)已经显著缩小。

此外,在2010年,在25岁及以上人群当中,发达国家女性与男性平均受教育年限比率已接近100%,而发展中地区则为85%。但是在撒哈拉以南非洲、中东和南亚很多低收入国家,女性的教育机会仍远远逊于男性,特别是在中学和大学教育阶段。

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