education in Brazil Brazil Photos/Getty Images

El reto de la educación y el mercado laboral en América Latina

WASHINGTON, DC – América Latina podría estar en el umbral de una transformación fundamental. En los próximos años, casi la totalidad del crecimiento del empleo en la región se concentrará en puestos de trabajo de ingresos medios, en particular en el sector de servicios. Los  expertos señalan que los países de la región podrían crear entre 14 millones y 23 millones de puestos de trabajo bien remunerados de aquí a 2018, si los empleadores pueden encontrar personal con las aptitudes que requieren.

Y es aquí donde está el problema. Los sistemas educativos de América Latina tienen dificultades para generar suficientes trabajadores calificados que contribuyan a aumentar la productividad. Más de un tercio de las empresas de la región citan el escaso nivel de capacitación de los empleados como una limitación importante. Para reforzar el crecimiento económico, América Latina debe invertir en una fuerza laboral competente. Al ampliar el acceso a una educación de alta calidad, tanto de instituciones públicas como privadas, los países de la región aumentarían la productividad, elevarían los niveles de vida y reducirían la desigualdad.

Este desajuste del mercado laboral debería haberse abordado hace mucho tiempo. El primer paso para asegurar que los estudiantes de América Latina adquieran las competencias que necesitan para aprovechar las oportunidades que brinda la región es reconocer que, si bien es importante, no basta con aumentar los presupuestos para la educación o el tiempo que los alumnos pasan en la escuela. Algunos países latinoamericanos han incrementado el gasto en educación. México y Brasil gastan entre el 5 % y el 6 % de su producto interno bruto (PIB) en educación, una proporción mayor que la de muchos países desarrollados y aproximadamente el triple de la de China. Pero la calidad de sus programas no refleja este volumen de recursos y se necesita mayor énfasis en la educación terciaria.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable

    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.