Миссия Израиля

Иерусалим -- Израиль является одним из крупнейших успехов современности. Это государство, возрожденное оставшимися в живых после Холокоста и снявшимися с насиженных мест еврейскими общинами, которые, в основном за счет качества своего человеческого капитала, построили процветающую экономику, создали новаторское сельское хозяйство и возродили мертвый язык. Они также, вопреки всем трудностям, сохранили демократию, которая, несмотря на свое несовершенство и дисфункциональность, тем не менее, является удивительно энергичной.

Но в 60-ю годовщину своего создания Израиль стоит на перепутье. Действительно, премьер-министр Израиля Эхуд Ольмерт предупредил о "конце еврейского государства", если страна увязнет на оккупированных территориях и не будет создано палестинское государство.

Внутренние проблемы Израиля не менее сложны. Относительно однородное общество, каким видели Израиль его основатели, превратилось в пеструю в этническом отношении многонациональную страну, состоящую из светских евреев, отчужденного арабского меньшинства, плодовитой ультраортодоксальной общины, живущей на государственные пособия, религиозных националистов, склоняющихся к мессианскому сионизму, иммигрантов из бывшего Советского Союза, обособленных эфиопов и восточных евреев, все еще старающихся присоединиться к среднему классу.

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