German engineering Sean Gallup/Getty Images

被误解的德国贸易盈余

柏林—德国经常项目盈余已经达到了创纪录的2,700亿美元,接近GDP的8.7%,这使得关于德国经济模式的争论变得更加激烈了。欧元区政客和美国特朗普政府互相指责对方要为经济失衡负责,而欧元又是他们一致的矛头。

特朗普政府抨击德国出口太多,指责德国操纵欧元。事实上,德国的贸易盈余与欧元没有什么关系;而欧元早已成为理所当然的替罪羊——随时拿来替其他政策错误顶罪。

许多德国人把最近的批评潮视为德国因为成功遭受妒忌的信号,他们愤怒地驳斥说,德国从未试图赢得不公平的竞争优势。他们指出,德国没有做过低价倾销或直接出口刺激的勾当,德国领导人也没有把欧元当作目标。

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