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利用基因组学革命

坎布里奇—人类基因组计划成功完成不过13年,基因组学应用刺激创新的力量已经尽显无疑。事实上,尽管基因组革命才刚刚开始,但它正在成为全球经济的变革因素——有望带来深远的社会和环境收益的变革因素。

光是在美国,投资于人类基因组计划的38亿美元公共资金已经产生了近1万亿美元的经济回报和超300,000个工作岗位。据经合组织数据,基因组学将成为许多经济部门的核心组成部分,包括医疗卫生、环境、农业、动物医学、生物科技、另类能源、法医学、司法和安全等。创新的速度在继续加快,这一预言很可能比预期更快就能实现。

基因组学推动的创新最吸引目光的领域是医学。“个性化医疗”进展迅速,患者的DNA图谱被转化为更加个性化、预测性和预防性的治疗方案。

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