columbian soldier Luis Acosta | Stringer via getty images

在哥伦比亚缔造和平

波哥大—哥伦比亚即将结束西半球历史最久、也是目前仅存的武装冲突。在与FARC(哥伦比亚革命武装力量)进行了五年多的谈判后,我们可以说木已成舟,50多年代价高昂的残酷战争行将结束。

过去五十年来,我的诸位前任试图与拉丁美洲规模最大、历史最久的游击队FARC和解。他们均失败了。那么,为何此次和平进程能获得成功?

首先,这是一个周密规划、仔细执行的进程,在我们已经实现了一定的条件后才开始。首先,我们必须改变军事力量的相关性,使形势有利于国家。其次,我们必须说服FARC领导人严肃对待谈判符合他们的自身利益,而通过暴力和游击战争是无法达到他们的目的的。

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