Следующий рубеж Эболы

НЬЮ-ДЕЛИ - Какие страны, помимо тех, что в Западной Африке, наиболее восприимчивы к эпидемии Эбола? Большинство эпидемиологов не сильно боятся вируса в развитом мире, с его эффективными мерами карантинных процедур и слежения, или даже в малонаселенных развивающихся странах. Вспышка может быть легко сдержана в обеих группах стран. Но крупные, густонаселенные районы, не имеющие надлежащих механизмов сдерживания, являются весьма уязвимыми.

Индия, с ее большой эмиграцией населения (второй по величине в мире), высокой плотностью городского населения, и отсутствием надлежащей инфраструктуры общественного здравоохранения, потенциально имеет шанс потерять больше всех, если вирус Эбола распространится. Связи с Западной Африкой очень тесные и берут свое начало с прошлого столетия, с почти 50 000 индийцев и людей индийского происхождения, проживающих в регионе.

В самом деле, десятки людей изо дня в день летают между Аккрой, Лагосом, Фритауном, Монровией, или Абиджаном и Нью-Дели, Мумбаи, Калькуттой, Ченнаи, транзитом через Ближний Восток или Европу. В то время, как контроль на выходах есть во всех международных аэропортах в пострадавших районах, инкубационный период вируса (который в нынешней вспышке длится в среднем восемь дней, но может длиться до 21 дня) это означает, что те, у кого нет ни одного из симптомов текущей инфекции, может совершить поездку в Индию, не вызывая тревоги.

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