Brexit Michael Tubi/ Getty Images

La democracia directa y el brexit

PRINCETON – ¿Qué papel deben jugar los referendos en una democracia? La relevancia de esta cuestión alcanzó su punto máximo después del referendo por el brexit, cuyo resultado fue un voto del 52 % contra el 48 % a favor de dejar la Unión Europea y puso fin abruptamente a la carrera política del primer ministro británico David Cameron.

Quienes se oponen al brexit han sugerido desde entonces que, como los referendos no están convalidados por la Constitución de Gran Bretaña y la decisión final está en manos del Parlamento, su resultado debe ser ignorado. ¿Tienen razón?

Independientemente de lo que pensemos sobre la salida de Gran Bretaña de la UE, podemos hacer dos preguntas adicionales: una general y otra relacionada específicamente con el brexit. En primer lugar, ¿cuál es el margen que debieran tener los ciudadanos de una democracia para tomar decisiones directamente mediante un referendo en vez de hacerlo a través de sus representantes electos? Y, más específicamente, ¿deben considerar los propios legisladores británicos al resultado del referendo del 23 de junio como vinculante?

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