Coal workers China environment Bert van Dijk/Flickr

خفض الفحم الصيني

هونغ كونغ-  ان اهم بلد في الصراع من اجل الحد من الاحتباس الحراري هو الصين وهي بلد تعتمد بشكل كبير على الفحم ومسؤوله عن 30% من انبعاثات ثاني اكسيد الكربون العالمي ولحسن الحظ فإن الصين تتحرك من اجل تحسين سجلها البيئي ولكن هل تقوم الصين بما فيه الكفاية؟

لو ارادت الصين تحقيق هدف واحد فيجب ان يكون ذلك الهدف هو التقليل من اعتمادها على طاقة الفحم .  ان الصين هي موطن لسدس سكان العالم ولكنها تشكل حوالي نصف استهلاك الفحم العالمي تقريبا ولو لم تقم الصين بالتقليل من تلك الحصة وتخفيض انبعاثات غاز الدفيئة فيها فإن الحد من الاحتباس الحراري سيصبح مستحيلا.

ان الاخبار الجيده هي ان استخدام الفحم في الصين قد انخفض بشكل طفيف في العام الماضي علما ان من المتوقع ان يستمر هذا التوجه. ان معهد اقتصادات الطاقة والتحليل المالي يتوقع ان حصة الكهرباء التي يتم توليدها بالفحم في الصين سوف تنخفض من72،5% سنة 2014 الى 60% سنة 2020 وبينما كان الانخفاض في استخدام الفحم العام الماضي مؤقتا فإن من المتوقع ان يصل استهلاك الفحم الصيني لذروته قريبا جدا وربما في العام القادم.

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