Floodwater gushing out of Longtan Dam in China VCG/Getty Images

亚洲水战争的新前线

新德里—中国将淡水作为战略武器由来已久——中国领导人毫无愧色地用它来推动他们的外交政策目标。多年来,中国利用其扼住几乎所有亚洲主要跨国水系的优势,操纵河流流向,如今,中国又把持上游数据,以此向下游国家施压,特别是印度。

几十年来,中国一直在将邻国拖入代价极其高昂的水问题地缘政治博弈。凭借强行吞并西藏和其他非汉族领土——占中国总国土面积的60%左右——中国是当之无愧的世界水霸权。它的界河比其他任何国家都要长。

近几年来,中国花大力气利用这一地位增加对邻国的博弈筹码,肆无忌惮地在国际河流上游建造大坝。目前,中国拥有大坝数量比世界其他国家的总和还要多,并且其建坝工程还在继续进行,使得下游邻国——特别是下湄公河流域的脆弱国家尼泊尔以及哈萨克斯坦——需要仰仗中国的鼻息。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To continue reading, please log in or register now. After entering your email, you'll have access to two free articles every month. For unlimited access to Project Syndicate, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you are agreeing to our Terms and Conditions.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/HMv07YS/zh;

Handpicked to read next

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.