Los anti-ambientalistas de Estados Unidos

Como norteamericano, estoy apabullado, avergonzado y desconcertado por la falta de liderazgo de mi país frente al calentamiento global. La evidencia científica sobre los riesgos aumenta día a día, como lo documentó recientemente el magistral Informe Stern de Inglaterra. Sin embargo, a pesar del hecho de que Estados Unidos es responsable de aproximadamente el 25% de todas las emisiones globales de carbono producidas por el hombre, los norteamericanos muestran muy poca voluntad o inclinación para atemperar su consumo maníaco.

La primera administración de George W. Bush probablemente hizo lo correcto cuando se negó a firmar el llamado “Protocolo de Kyoto”, aunque por las razones equivocadas. Entre otros problemas, el Protocolo de Kyoto no hace lo suficiente a la hora de redistribuir los derechos de emisión de carbono hacia los países en desarrollo. Pero, ¿por qué Estados Unidos no puede proponerse aumentar los impuestos a la nafta y otras fuentes de emisión de carbono como las plantas energéticas que queman carbón? No es porque el gobierno de Estados Unidos, que tiene un gigantesco déficit a pesar de un apogeo económico, no necesite el dinero.

Mucha gente parece pensar que la administración Bush es el problema. Pongan a un petrolero de Texas y a sus amigos a cargo y ¿qué esperan? ¿Conservación? Desafortunadamente, ésa es una excusa fácil.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/mheyaNJ/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now